Psoriasis is an inflammatory autoimmune disease that causes your skin cells to grow faster than normal, resulting in red, raised patches of skin covered with silvery-white scales. Although the condition can’t be cured completely, the team of experienced skin experts at SINY® Dermatology can help you reduce and manage your symptoms. To learn more, call your nearest office in Bayridge, Park Slope, or the West Village, New York, today, or schedule an appointment online anytime.
Psoriasis is caused by an error in your immune system that makes your skin cells grow much faster than usual. Instead of forming over the course of a week, like normal, psoriasis prompts new skin cells to form in a matter of days.
As excess epithelial cells build up on the surface of your skin, they form patches that become thicker and scalier over time. Psoriasis patches are often itchy, tender, or sore. They’re also prone to drying out, forming cracks, and bleeding.
Factors that trigger the condition or make it worse include:
Cuts, sunburns, and other minor skin injuries
Recurrent infections, including strep throat
Specific medications, including beta blockers
Smoking or heavy alcohol consumption
Like many autoimmune disorders, psoriasis tends to run in families. If a parent, grandparent, or sibling has it, you’re more likely to develop it.
Although there are several distinct types of psoriasis, most people are affected by one of the following:
Plaque psoriasis, which accounts for as many as 90% of all psoriasis cases, causes dry, raised, red lesions covered with white or silvery scales. These lesions may be few or many, and they can appear anywhere on your body.
Guttate psoriasis is usually triggered by a bacterial infection. It causes small scaling lesions on the trunk, arms, legs, or scalp, and mostly affects children and adolescents.
This type of psoriasis, which is usually precipitated by a fungal infection, causes smooth patches of red, inflamed skin in the armpits, groin area, or beneath the breasts.
Psoriatic arthritis is a type of psoriasis that causes inflamed, painful joints as well as scaly patches of skin. Symptoms range in severity and affect any joint in your body.
Because psoriasis can’t be cured, the primary objective of any treatment plan is to effectively manage the condition by reducing inflammation, clearing away lesions, and keeping skin cell growth under control.
Mild to moderate cases of psoriasis often respond well to a combination of topical retinoids or corticosteroids and oral or injected medications. For more severe cases, phototherapy, or light therapy, is often the best solution.
Phototherapy uses controlled exposure to therapeutic levels of ultraviolet light to target psoriasis patches. This helps slow cell turnover, decrease inflammation, and reduce scaling for faster clearing and longer remission.
SINY Dermatology offers a full scope of phototherapy treatment options, including a narrowband UVB therapy booth and excimer laser, as well as state-of-the-art machinery specifically built for hand and foot psoriasis.
To find out how the psoriasis specialists at SINY® Dermatology can help you, call your nearest office or schedule an appointment online today.